Topics Definition of Hebrew Names
By Jeff A. Benner
Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; (KJV, Matthew 10:3)
The name Thomas is derived from the Hebrew word תאום (ta’om, Strong's #8380) meaning "twin." His name in Hebrew would then be Ta’om. In the 4th C. AD Aramaic Peshitta of the New Testament, this name is written as תאומא (Toma). When this Aramaic name is Hellenized (made into a Greek name), an "s" is added to the end of the name, as is done with all male names, and becomes Tomas or Thomas.
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