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Plowing through History from the Aleph to the Tav

Topics Definition of Modern Hebrew Words


By Jeff A. Benner

The Hebrew name for what Christians call the “Old Testament” is תנ'ך (T.N.K / Tanakh). The apostrophe in a Hebrew word, as we see in this word, means that it is an acronym. In this case, the acronym stands for Torah (the law), Nevi’iym (the prophets) and Ketuviym (the writings). However, there is another Hebrew word for “Bible” and that is מקרא (miqra). Miqra comes from the root קרא (qara, Strong's #7121). Qara literally means to call out to meet (and is sometimes translated as to “call” or to “meet”), but by extension to read as in ancient times readings were done in assemblies as we can see in Joshua 8:35.

There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them. (KJV)

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